Brazil at the crossroads

first_img Related On Sunday, Jair Bolsonaro, a far-right populist with harsh views about women, gays, and blacks, was elected president of Brazil, one of the world’s largest democracies. To understand the factors leading to his election, the Gazette talked with Scott Mainwaring, Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor for Brazil Studies at Harvard Kennedy School (HKS).Mainwaring spoke about Bolsonaro’s victory as part of the far-right populist wave that is sweeping the globe, the likely impact of Brazil’s election on Latin America, and the danger to Brazilian democracy that may be posed by this presidency.Q&AScott MainwaringGAZETTE: Jair Bolsonaro has been called “the Brazilian Donald Trump.” Can you talk about the similarities between Bolsonaro and Trump?MAINWARING: The similarities are that both have been viewed, I think correctly, as having racist and sexist discourses, with very authoritarian elements. Bolsonaro once said of a member of Brazil’s National Congress, “She’s too ugly; she’s not worth raping.” He also said that if he was ever elected president of Brazil, on the first day he’d shut down the National Congress. Both leaders have publicly supported torture — however, with a difference. Bolsonaro has supported torture of Brazilian and criminal suspects, and Trump has limited his favoring of torture to terrorist suspects. For people who highly value democracy and human rights, the similarities between Bolsonaro and Trump should be of concern.,GAZETTE: Are there any differences between Trump and Bolsonaro?MAINWARING: Bolsonaro is far more extreme than Donald Trump. I’m not aware that Trump has been profoundly homophobic in his public discourse. Bolsonaro has said that if one of his sons were gay, he’d prefer that the son die.GAZETTE: Some have said that Bolsonaro is similar to strongman Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines. What’s your take on that?MAINWARING: In terms of extrajudicial killings, rule of law, and human rights, Bolsonaro is much closer to Duterte than to Trump. A few years ago, Bolsonaro said that International Human Rights Day is a “day for losers.” Trump might think that, but I don’t think he has ever said something like that. But there are more similarities between Bolsonaro and Duterte than between Bolsonaro and Trump.GAZETTE: Can you talk about the context that made the election of Bolsonaro possible? His election was unthinkable a few months ago.MAINWARING: The context is one of deep crisis on three issues: the economy, corruption and public security, and the profound discredit of the left, centrist, and center-right establishment in Brazil. Brazil has an alarming public security crisis. It has a homicide rate about 6.5 times that of the U.S., and seven of the 20 most violent cities in the world are in Brazil. Secondly, in recent years, Brazil has had a recession much deeper and much longer than the U.S. recession of 2008‒2009. And the third factor is corruption, which I think was the biggest factor leading to Bolsonaro’s victory. Brazil has had the biggest corruption scandal in the history of democracy. Lula (Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva), the leader of the Workers’ Party and formerly beloved president of Brazil, is now in jail, but it’s not only him. One of Brazil’s most important entrepreneurs is in jail, and many Brazilian politicians and entrepreneurs are in jail or under investigation for corruption charges. The corruption scandal affected both the left and the right, so when you discredit both the left and the center-right establishment, who’s left standing?GAZETTE: But why did Bolsonaro, who was a marginal politician as a senator, benefit from the public despair over corruption, crime, and the recession?MAINWARING: Although Bolsonaro was not an outsider, by most standards — he has been in the National Congress for almost 28 years — he is such an extremist that he was able to position himself as an outsider. It’s an exaggerated comparison, but it’s like if Adolf Hitler had been in the German Parliament for 28 years as a very marginal figure. Because of his extremist views, many people saw him as something different. To my knowledge, Bolsonaro has no history of corruption, and at a time when corruption was a salient issue, that worked in his favor. He’s very outspoken, he has a very clear attitude — not proposals — about crime, and that is, “Kill the criminals,” and “Let more people have arms.” When 111 criminals were massacred in a São Paulo prison around 1993, he said, “It’s a shame that only 111 criminals were killed.” This kind of discourse is terrible policy, but it has a profound resonance in Brazil because of the fears over rising crime.GAZETTE: What role did the political parties play in the collapse of the Brazilian political system?MAINWARING: The Workers’ Party governed from 2003 to 2016, and it governed very ineffectually for much of this past decade. And when the commodity boom ended, the space for bad policies shrank radically, and then you got this horrible recession with very high unemployment. Now, half of Brazil profoundly rejects the Workers’ Party. This is not a historic constant. When Lula left office in 2010, he had an 83 percent approval rating. But the corruption scandals, the security problems, and the economic recession changed people’s opinion about the Workers’ Party.A lot of Brazilians who supported Lula in 2010 now hate the Workers’ Party. A lot of this is a vote against that party. In the last two years, the party radicalized, moved to the left, and it presented Lula as the presidential candidate in 2018. But if the paramount concern in Brazilian voters’ minds is corruption, and you put forth Lula as a presidential candidate while he’s in jail on corruption charges, what message does that send?GAZETTE: Were you surprised by the results?MAINWARING: Six months ago, I would have said that Bolsonaro’s chances were low. When he was stabbed in a campaign rally on Sept. 6, he was one of five candidates who could possibly get to the second round, but the outcome was still unpredictable. Three weeks later, it seemed almost certain that Bolsonaro would get to the second round, and it also seemed that he’d have the better chance of winning. Right before the first round on Oct. 7, surveys show he had 38 percent of the vote. Everyone was surprised when he got 46 percent of the valid vote. At that point, I thought it was extremely likely that Bolsonaro would win, and nothing changed in the intervening three weeks.GAZETTE: What are your expectations for his presidency?MAINWARING: One can confidently say that he would be against environmental regulations, and there is every reason to believe that he would be a great supporter of agribusiness. We can be very confident that there will be less respect for the human rights of some groups. Brazil has a long record of high police impunity and many police killings, and we should expect this to get worse. We should expect him to govern in a relatively authoritarian manner.There is a lot of room for doubt about the economy. Bolsonaro’s own past is deeply statist, and his chief economic adviser is a market-oriented economist who had said that Brazil should privatize its public firms, but Bolsonaro came out and contradicted him. Bolsonaro has said he won’t make concessions with the Congress, but his party has 51 seats out of 513 in the lower chamber. He has to make concessions.And what would he do about corruption? His discourse about corruption is laudable, but what he doesn’t say is that it wasn’t only the left in Brazil that was corrupt; far more right-wing politicians have been accused and convicted of corruption than left-wing politicians. This has been an endemic problem in Brazil. You don’t end corruption just by saying “I’m against corruption.” About public security, his proposals have been very thin and sketchy. He did not run on very detailed policy proposals. “The example of Trump made it possible for Bolsonaro with even a far more misogynistic, homophobic, and racist discourse to get elected.” After the triumphs of Trump and Brexit, right-leaning parties see paths to political power In Europe, nationalism rising GAZETTE: What might be the impact of Bolsonaro’s election in the region?MAINWARING: I think this makes it easier for other right-wing populists with outrageous discourses and policy proposals to emerge. We’re riding a wave of conservative populism across many countries in the world, most prominently in the United States. One of my esteemed Brazilian academic colleagues said, “Without Trump, there would be no Bolsonaro.” We can’t know empirically if that’s true, but it seems that there’s a perfectly reasonable hypothesis. The example of Trump made it possible for Bolsonaro with even a far more misogynistic, homophobic, and racist discourse to get elected. The countries in Latin America that would be most vulnerable are those with weaker institutions and deeper problems. That’s not Uruguay or Chile or Costa Rica, but it could be the rest of the region. In Latin America, with those three exceptions, states are not strong, party systems are not solid, and the recurrence of populists and often authoritarian ones, both on the left and the right, is frequent.GAZETTE: What can we expect from this wave of far-right populism?MAINWARING: Well, for a while there was a left-wing authoritarian populist wave in Latin America; the worst of it was Hugo Chávez, and the most influential by far. It seems that [Nicolás] Maduro, his successor, has ruined Venezuela. And then came Evo Morales in Bolivia, Rafael Correa in Ecuador, and Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua. Maduro and Ortega in effect have turned Venezuela and Nicaragua into electoral dictatorships, and they cannot hold free and fair elections because they would lose. Correa is out of office, and his successor is prosecuting him. Morales is still in office. But that left-wing wave has ended. The left lost in Argentina in 2015 and in Chile in 2017. Now, we have a right wave. But as long as voters can freely and fairly vote, and the mechanisms of democratic accountability are protected, democracy will be preserved.But we should have no illusions about the erosion of democracy in Brazil. The question is not if it will erode, the question is how much. The best-case scenario is that the LBGT community, the press, and human rights defenders are more vulnerable to harassment and violence but there is not a profound erosion of democracy, and that the democratic institutions remain relatively solid. That’s the most optimistic scenario, but I think that’s too optimistic.last_img read more

Man who wore horns in US Capitol riot moved to Virginia jail

first_imgWASHINGTON (AP) — A man who stormed the U.S. Capitol while sporting face paint, no shirt and a furry hat with horns has been moved to a jail in Virginia after a federal judge ordered authorities to provide him with organic food while he’s in custody. Jacob Chansley was transferred to the Alexandria Detention Center after his attorney argued that his client hadn’t eaten in nine days because the Washington jail didn’t serve organic food. His attorney says Chansley lost 20 pounds since being transferred from Arizona last week. Chansley calls himself the “QAnon Shaman” and considers eating organic food to be part of his “shamanic belief system and way of life.”last_img

CSC advocacy course promotes common good

first_imgStudents in the one-credit Advocacy for the Common Good course underwent nearly eight hours of training Saturday in preparation for a semester of researching social problems, planning response strategies and executing events to raise public awareness.Michael Hebbler, director of student leadership and senior transitions at the Center for Social Concerns (CSC), is teaching the advocacy course to students from Notre Dame, Saint Mary’s College and Holy Cross College.“It’s pretty broad, but for the purposes of this course, advocacy is accompanying people on the margins and working to change the structures that lead to oppression,” Hebbeler said.Courtesy of Michael Hebbeler Sophomore Jessica Peck, a student currently enrolled in the course, said the training helped her prepare to research and address deep-seeded social concerns.“The training session was a sampling of a lot of different ways of drawing attention to important issues,” Peck said. “We talked about what motivates people to act and how to tap into that when mounting an advocacy campaign.“We also talked specifics: What are necessary considerations when hosting an event? How do you conduct a successful lobbying visit to a congressman, senator or other elected official? How do you frame your issue when talking to the media?”Hebbeler said he plans for his students to split into four small groups to research and address specific social problems of interest to the Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and CSC, including immigration reform, the conflict in Syria, global hunger and incarceration. He said students will develop a clear message about the topic and share that message through a “public meeting,” anything from lobbying a congressional representative to hosting a rally.“The course project culminates in the public meeting, but we remind our students that it’s very much in the process where learning takes place,” Hebbeler said.Junior Matt Hing took Advocacy for the Common Good the first time it was offered in the spring of 2013. He said he studied immigration reform, worked on a letter-writing campaign and met with a congressional representative to discuss the issue.“You do the project, and you can see that you enacted actual change,” Hing said. “You see all your efforts. You see the result you made. You can see people are talking about it afterward, and that was a really cool feeling to see that a group of people can actually make a small-scale difference with enough time and enough resources.”Hebbeler said students often take Advocacy for the Common Good after they have first-hand experiences with injustice through programs like the CSC’s Border Issues Seminar. He said those students want to fight for justice but do not know how to accomplish real change.“The main reason for this course on advocacy is for students to channel their passions on different social issues that they’ve encountered through their time here at Notre Dame,” Hebbeler said. “You become impassioned and then you get back to campus and life goes on, things get busy and yet this passion remains.“We provide this course as 
a structured way forward to work on those issues and effect change … We provide a way for [students] to address the root causes, the structures that create the injustice that they’ve encountered.”Hebbeler said he worked with the CRS to implement the course last January. He said the CRS previously sent one representative to campus each semester to train the students in advocacy and prepare them for their work during the semester, but this year an additional CRS representative came to observe the process.“No other school is doing this exact thing with CRS,” he said. “We have other courses [at Notre Dame] that are examining advocacy … but as far as working with CRS in this manner on an accredited advocacy course, there are no other programs like that and courses like that.”The class closely aligns with Catholic Social Teaching and the Church’s views on human dignity, Hebbeler said.“These are large-scale issues, but Catholic Social Teaching reminds us that it’s the dignity of each individual that we are seeking to uplift, to protect, and that does something to our dignity,” he said. “Justice is right relationship, and so for the dignity of persons on the margins, but also our own dignity, we seek out these issues and we commit to the work in the name of solidarity.”Peck said she considered the course her opportunity to follow a call to action.“We can’t be content wishing well on the world or feeling bad because some people don’t have food to eat and that’s just too bad,” she said. “We are in a position to act, and this class is giving us the tools to do that.”Tags: CSClast_img read more

Les Liaisons Dangereuses Scribe Christopher Hampton Shares His Inspiration, Favorite Lines & More

first_img Christopher Hampton is an award-winning writer, screenwriter, director and producer. He is perhaps most famous for his play Les Liaisons Dangereuses (based on the novel by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos), which won an Olivier Award in 1986. He adapted the play for film and won an Oscar for the screenplay. In addition to Les Liaisons Dangereuses, his many plays include The Talking Cure, White Chameleon, Tales from Hollywood, Treats, Savages and Total Eclipse. Hampton won two Tony Awards for the book and score (he co-wrote the lyrics with Don Black) for Sunset Boulevard, winning Tony Awards in both categories. He has translated a wide range of works including classics by Chekhov, Ibsen and Moliere as well as contemporary plays by Yasmina Reza (Art, God of Carnage) and Florian Zeller (The Father). His long list of screenplays includes The Quiet American, Mary Reilly, Carrington, The Secret Agent and Atonement. As the newest Broadway revival of Les Liaisons Dangereuses readies for its opening night, Hampton took a break from rehearsals to welcome to his hotel, where he chatted about being prolific and his writing process.What time of day do you get your best work done?I usually work in the afternoons, which I think is unusual. I spend the morning looking at yesterday’s work and correcting it and dealing with whatever I have to deal with. Then I generally settle down to write between two and three in the afternoon. I write for four or five hours. Where do you like to write?I can write anywhere. I used to for many years write a lot of my work in hotel rooms, which I found congenial to the process of isolation which you need. But I have various [places]: I have an office with a room where I write; I have a room at home where I can write, and I have a place in the country, which is at the moment proving the most efficient place of all to write. What piece of writing changed your life?What obsesses you as a writer?I don’t know if there is any one thing that you find obsessional as a writer. You need to be obsessional, but I’m generally just obsessional about the particular piece of work that I’m doing at the moment. Maybe that’s significant because one of the things I’ve tried to do all my writing life is to choose a very wide variety of subjects, so I’m not really going down a groove or writing or perfecting the same themes over and over again. I’m looking for something completely different every time I start again. Each time you have to become involved in a different world in a different universe of those characters, so that’s what you get obsessed with. You’ve written such a wide array of mediums and genres, what do you find most gratifying of theater in particular?I think what I love about the theater is that it’s new every night. With movies— when it’s done, it’s an object. Like a book, there’s nothing you can do to it. Whereas plays relate to their time in different ways every time that it’s done. Different actors and discover different facets of the piece. So, it’s always really exciting to go back into the theater with an old play because this lot of actors and this director are going to find something new in it—something that relates to the world that’s now rather than 30 years ago when I wrote the play.Going back in time, what made you decide that Les Liaisons Dangereuses would be something you would adapt for the stage?I loved the book [by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos] when I first read it. I used to reread it; I thought it was just tremendously psychologically acute and informative about sex as well as the society in which those people lived. It’s difficult to write a play from this book because the two characters never meet: they write letters to one another, so I had to really reconfigure the book and reimagine it before I could write it. The difficulty of that process discouraged a lot of theaters. In the end, I wrote the play for the Royal Shakespeare Company because they gave me a blind commission and said I could write what I liked.Which writers have inspired you?What’s the secret to being so prolific? Sitting down every day and writing is the secret to being prolific. There isn’t a secret. Actually, my work rate has increased exponentially as I’ve gotten older. When I started in my twenties, I would write a play and then spend a lot of time thinking about what the next play was going to be and then write that. I would produce a play every couple of years. Now I regularly take on three or four things at once. I find each thing that you’re doing either refreshes or contrasts with whatever else you’re doing. I don’t work on two things at once in the same day, but I can work on something for a day or two and work on something else for a day or two. I find that a very invigorating process. What’s something aspiring playwrights should know, do or see?What I think playwrights should know before they go into the theater is they have to be flexible. You cannot have too rigid an idea how your play is going to be. Good actors will bring to the piece elements that you didn’t even imagine yourself and deepen the whole thing in that way. If you’re too defensive during the rehearsal process, which is a process of experimentation, or if you’re too fixated on what you originally thought, you will lose one of the great treasures of the theater, which is collaborative discovery. I think often young writers have such a vivid idea of what it is they want on the stage, they’re not very open to the interaction of others. On the other hand, in my view, there’s much too much workshopping of plays and bullying of playwrights to follow various templates of success, and that should be resisted.So stick to your vision but don’t insist on the detail until you’ve seen what the actors and directors can do with it. What’s your favorite line in Les Liaisons Dangereuses? Les Liaisons Dangereuses View Comments Related Showscenter_img Christopher Hampton (Photo: Caitlin McNaney) Show Closed This production ended its run on Jan. 8, 2017last_img read more

Natural pest control

first_imgBy Stephanie SchupskaUniversity of GeorgiaInsects eat one-third of all food produced worldwide before it ever reaches the dinner table, according to University of Georgia expert Mike Adang. Since his undergraduate days at Indiana University, the entomology professor has been interested in ways to control insects besides using pesticides. Through his research at UGA’s College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, he’s found a better, natural way to fight pests.Adang discovered BtBooster through a series of biopesticide experiments. By adding a bit of an insect protein to a small piece of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) protein, he learned that it “took less Bt to kill the insects.” In this case, the insects were hornworms, and originally, Adang expected the experiment to leave them ready and waiting to devour more plants. Instead, it left them dead.Bt is a biopesticide that produces proteins toxic to many insect species. “It’s a natural bacterium,” Adang said. “It attacks the insect’s gut, making the insect sick.”However, some insects are resistant to Bt. And that’s where Adang’s surprise comes into play. He and colleagues Gang Hua and John Chen had been hoping to learn how Bt kills insects by feeding them part of an insect protein, the Bt receptor. Instead, they found a way to supercharge Bt and kill the insects faster and with less biopesticide.And BtBooster was born.“We were very pleased to see something come from our basic research,” Adang said. “It’s a long way from the lab to making something useful.”Bt proteins have changed the way crop plants are protected against insects. The technology can be built into a plant like cotton or corn and has been available to farmers since 1996. Vegetables and trees can be protected from insect damage by being sprayed with a biopesticide made from Bt.Bt provides an alternative to chemical ways of dealing with pests, especially where chemicals could harm humans. Bt doesn’t hurt people. For that reason, foresters can spray whole stands of tree with Bt to fight gypsy moths, which are among North America’s most devastating forest pests.Organic farmers can use Bt and still be considered organic because biopesticides come from living organisms. They can control the insects on their crops without having to worry about chemical residues.Though Bt crops are becoming more common, chemicals are still a common way of controlling insects. “Chemical pesticides are still safe,” Adang said. “But over the years, people have started to worry more about problems such as groundwater contamination and other issues like that.”Through Bt, and now with BtBooster, the potential impact is great as more producers use crops that have been retrofitted with the Bt protein.“Using BtBooster will allow Bt crops and Bt biopesticides to work better,” Adang said, “having a positive environmental impact and reducing chemical insecticide use.”Through a National Institutes of Health grant, UGA and his gene design and discovery company InsectiGen, Adang is now studying how Bt kills mosquitoes. Using a U.S. Department of Agriculture National Research Initiative grant, he’s specifically looking at how insects become resistant to Bt in cotton. He’s digging deeper into the workings of BtBooster, too, trying to figure out how it works and making improvements to optimize it.Through UGA’s Georgia BioBusiness Center, Adang formed InsectiGen in 2003 with Clifton Baile, a CAES professor of animal science. Its focus is on discovering and engineering proteins for insect control.Because of his discovery of BtBooster, he was presented the UGA Inventor’s Award on March 29. He has also filed for a patent license to continue his quest of developing a farm-production product for pest control.last_img read more

Honduras Requests Support on Human Rights Investigation

first_img Honduras will receive aid from the United States and hopes to also receive it from Colombia and Spain to investigate accusations on human rights violations, including the murders of journalists and homosexuals, according to Honduran President Porfirio Lobo on 27 January. “I requested the help of the United States, Colombia and Spain, to consult on the investigation of journalists and with regard to human rights violations in general,” declared Lobo during a press conference on the anniversary of his first year in office. According to Lobo, he has already received a U.S. Department of State compromise to create a “joint work force” with the Attorney General and the judiciary. Ten journalists were murdered in Honduras in 2010 in addition to some seven homosexuals in a wave of violence to hit the Central American country so far in 2011. “We hope that the situation will return to normal” with regard to human rights following the 28 June, 2009 coup against former President Manuel Zelaya. “What matters is that the State does not mandate committing human rights violations (…) it is one thing to say that crime exists, but saying that the State is killing people or inciting violence is different; there is no State mandate to violate human rights,” concluded Lobo. By Dialogo January 31, 2011last_img read more

What Was Revealed in the Latest Episode of ‘The Walking Dead’ Could Be a Real Shocker

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York By Lissa HarrisWARNING: SPOILERS DEAD AHEAD!!!Glenn is alive. This big fat cat was let out of the bag in Sunday night’s episode of The Walking Dead. Glenn’s fate was one of the best cliff hangers this season, but Sunday night’s cliff hanger came in at a close second. Since this big reveal, the virtual world has imploded in an attempt to either laud or vilify Glenn’s escape under a dumpster after he used Nicholas’ body as an edible shield.This was one of the show’s most dramatic moments but not one of its most important.A few weeks ago I argued for the paramountcy of episode 4, “Here’s Not Here,” the relatively slow-paced back-story on how Morgan had acquired his “all life is precious” ideology.The debate between “kill or be killed” and “all life is precious” has been the show’s meat and potatoes all along, so to speak, and as we head toward next week’s mid-season finale, the writers’ are gearing up to serve us the main course.Last Sunday’s episode 7, “Heads Up,” gives us a variety of ways to look at this issue. Here’s how Morgan, Rick, Carol and Michonne discuss Morgan’s decision to let some members of the Wolves gang live after they attacked him. Rick argues with him: “Do you really think you can do that without getting blood on your hands?” Morgan’s painfully honest answer is: “I don’t know.”There is a brief exchange between Sam, the son of Dr. Pete, the killer in the season 5 finale, and Carol, TWD’s resident Grinch whose heart is three sizes too small. Sam asks Carol, “If you kill people, do you turn into one of the monsters?”But Carol misunderstands the questions and answers him the only way she possibly could. “The only thing that keeps you from becoming a monster is killing,” she explains.In another scene, Rick and Tara save bone-head Spencer, who is trying to exit Alexandria via a zip line that eventually, inevitably, snaps. Deanna, former leader of Alexandria, asks Rick why he bothered to save Spencer instead of using him as a decoy to save the others. Rick explains that he saved Spencer because he is her son and he values Deanna’s friendship.“Wrong answer,” Deanna tells him, implying that she thinks Rick saved Spencer because he’s really a good person who values human life.Does this mean that when push comes to shove, Rick subscribes to Morgan’s philosophy that “all life is precious”?I would say that the show’s writers lean toward Morgan’s side of the debate. Each scene described above would suggest it. To me, this is the episode’s big reveal. Oh sure, they have nine more episodes to play with our emotions and keep us flip-flopping on the ideological scale between survival of the fittest and respect for all living things.But we know where our beloved characters are going to land. Even amid the terror and the fear that comes from their dire predicament, their humanity depends upon their ability to show compassion and trust toward their fellow human beings. They are prepared to accept the possibility that their good will may be taken advantage of, rather than allow their connection to each other to be overruled by dread and hatred. As The Walking Dead has shown us since the very first episode, their vulnerability is their greatest asset because it creates inexhaustible courage. And with limitless bravery, our heroes can face any obstacle, even a church tower collapsing on their wall.last_img read more

European Commission guidelines are paving the way for the reconstruction of the European tourism sector after the corona crisis

first_imgThe Commission and the Member States must ensure that even small businesses (such as micro-enterprises) can easily access and benefit from this financial support. Furthermore, the mechanism SURE (European instrument for temporary support to mitigate the risk of unemployment in emergency situations) should be implemented as soon as possible, as workers can no longer wait. This instrument must cover all workers, including those with non-standard forms of employment who have so far been largely excluded from short-term arrangements or other forms of state wage compensation schemes. The Alliance remains open to cooperating with the Commission and the Member States to ensure that the recommendations are translated into concrete actions that are feasible for large and small players, as well as for tourists and business travelers. In this regard, we welcome the commitment already made by several EU governments to coordinate the abolition of border controls and to work on a common understanding of the health standards and procedures published in joint statement, May 18, 2020. Governments should implement harmonized health and safety protocols that seek to protect all travelers, including those from vulnerable groups, older travelers and people with disabilities or long-term health conditions, as well as workers providing travel and tourism services. To activate a rapid recovery, it is crucial to re-establish trust in travel and restore demand by supporting destinations and tourist attractions, increasing the budget for promotion, marketing and product development, and supporting public-private partnerships.We believe that the next step will be the European Commission’s proposal for a broader economic package for travel and tourism recovery, so that all workers can benefit, including those with non-standard forms of employment, as well as economic entities of all sizes. The European Tourism Manifesto Alliance therefore reaffirms the Commission’s ambition to strengthen the green and digital transformation of tourism in the EU and to maintain Europe as the world’s leading tourist destination in terms of value, quality, sustainability and innovation. This new long-term vision is in line with the Alliance’s political priorities long before the crisis began – maintaining competitiveness, further digitizing the sector, good governance, jointly promoting Europe as a tourist destination, sustainability, skills upgrading and mutual recognition of qualifications, reducing seasonality and nurturing connection. We are ready to work with the European Commission to accelerate the transformation into tomorrow’s tourism. Tourism tomorrow Tourism is the engine of economic recovery. However, it needs continued support and strategic policy integration to contribute to economic recovery and growth. Cooperation is key to ensuring common rules and providing safety to passengers. We call on the EU, national and regional governments to continue to help the tourism ecosystem overcome this crisis and strengthen its resilience in the long term. Support for recreational tourism and business travel must be included in recovery plans and actions of all affected economies. Destinations, businesses, private owners, workers (including students and people with disabilities), entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals must go through this devastating period and prepare for tomorrow’s tourism. The availability of liquidity remains a major issue. Therefore, further action by the EU and governments, including direct grants, is fundamental to assistance in the recovery phase and beyond. We welcome the European Commission’s vision for creating a sustainable future for the travel and tourism ecosystem, which is in line with our long-established political priorities. This crisis has created a decline, but also an opportunity for change, for a fresh start in tourism across Europe. We will take this opportunity to create a more resilient and sustainable destination for Europe in the future that is better for our communities and our visitors and all those who provide tourism services. Aid measures for the sector We welcome the Commission’s proposed financial measures, which will be tailored to the needs of players of all sizes and made available to all types of workers. A statement from the European Commission confirms that the sector is in a critical situation and proposes several financial rescue programs. center_img European travel and tourism are one of the ecosystems most affected by the coronavirus crisis. The Alliance The European Tourism Manifesto welcomes the acceptance of the comprehensive the European Commission’s tourism and transport package recognizing the importance of the travel and tourism sector for the economy and employment in Europe and proposing a coordinated approach to the abolition of travel restrictions and the safe and gradual re-establishment of transport links and tourism activities. This package represents the first and important step to facilitate travel to Europe, support the sector’s recovery from this unprecedented crisis and enable a more sustainable tourism ecosystem in the future. The organizations of the European Tourism Manifesto hope to continue cooperation and support the European Commission in finding additional measures needed to ensure the speed of recovery of the sector from this unprecedented crisis. We are ready to contribute to the European Tourism Convention for tomorrow’s European tourism and jointly start building a roadmap to 2050 towards a sustainable, innovative and resilient European tourism ecosystem (“European Tourism Agenda 2050”). We welcome the Commission’s proposal to set up a dedicated website with a map that would combine real-time information related to tourism, and call for its swift launch. Such a website should map data from Member States and tourism value chain stakeholders, including detailed and up-to-date information on the situation at the borders of all EU countries (air, land, sea border), travel restrictions, public health and security measures, and available tourism services , including the opening of tourist attractions and events across the EU. This will facilitate business planning as well as travel planning for potential visitors. However, businesses (especially micro, small and medium-sized enterprises) should not be burdened with the requirement to provide more information as they struggle to survive, and those that open up will be subjected to additional workloads to follow strict health and safety procedures. Since the holiday season starts in a few weeks, this website needs to get up and running as soon as possible, even if it contains – initially – limited content. Saving the 2020 summer season in Europe We call on national governments to urgently follow the recommendations of the European Commission for the coordinated lifting of travel restrictions and the implementation of harmonized protocols on health and safety. As soon as the health situation allows it, it is crucial to resume tourism and business travel in 2020 in order to save at least part of the summer season as well as the incomes of millions of people who depend on our sector. Once the COVID-19 pandemic is brought under control, governments should focus on attracting all types of visitors from markets around the world (including group travel, low-income travelers and people with disabilities) and offering them the belief that it is safe to explore and visit their destinations. The Alliance for a European Tourism Manifesto, the voice of the European travel and tourism sector, has issued a statement on European Commission guidelines on how to safely continue traveling and restart European tourism in 2020 and beyond. The Alliance brings together more than 60 European public and private organizations covering the entire value chain of tourism and beyond, and calls on the European Union to act on key policy priorities for the tourism sector. We ask governments to think carefully before deciding whether all arrivals should be self-isolated and before encouraging exclusively domestic tourism. Passengers will be deterred from deciding to embark on any kind of travel if they are expected to be quarantined at their destination, and then a new one awaits them when they return to their original destination. According to research conducted by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) in April 2020, 69% of recent travelers would not consider a trip if it included a 14-day quarantine period. Quarantine requirements for passengers can be avoided if Member States follow the guidelines proposed by the European Commission. But we need a well-coordinated and timely approach across the EU to re-establish effective operations, remove barriers to travel and rebuild confidence in travel. Unilateral and fragmented measures should be avoided as they would only lead to confusion and disruption for both passengers and businesses. If a coordinated approach for the travel and tourism sector is not followed, World Travel and Tourism Council research (WTTC) shows that at least 6,4 million jobs will be affected in the European Union this year.last_img read more

Colliers International: Recovery to the level of 2019 is expected only around 2022 or 2023

first_imgThe next webinar table will be on topic “Logistics and distribution – did we take the opportunity?” and will be held in Monday, 19.10.2020/10/XNUMX at XNUMX o’clock on ZOOM, with a live broadcast on YouTube channel i Facebook profile Colliers International Croatia.  “As for overnight stays in commercial accommodation, the biggest losers this season are the hotels with the largest drop in overnight stays, by more than 70% compared to last year. Precisely because of the possibility of isolation and easier distance maintenance, camps and private accommodation, despite the loss, showed much greater resilience.. “, He concluded Ivan Laljak, Consultant from the Appraisal and Investment Advisory Department. “What we have noticed is that holiday tourism is recovering faster and easier, unlike the segment of city hotels that is still suffering, as business meetings and conferences have switched to digital and online platforms. We also expect that apartments in larger cities that were used for short-term rental to tourists will be switched to a long-term rental offer. It is the health pandemic that has accelerated the development of technology, such as the increasing use of contactless payments, the introduction of digital check-in station, or enabling check in via mobile devices”, Laljak gave us a closer look at the trends. trends As the first half of the year was marked by a complete lockdown, not only did holiday tourism stop, but business travel was replaced by video conferencing. This resulted record low occupancy rates worldwide. In the first half of the year, revenues of the main hotel groups in Croatia fell by 70% to 80% compared to the first half of 2019. Croatian hotel groups generate the majority of revenue in Q3, and we will only find out the final results. It is important to emphasize that the decline in hotel traffic was more conditioned by the decline in occupancy, while overnight prices remained relatively stable. In announcing the season in late May and early June, a period marked by great uncertainty, including border closures and epidemiological measures and restrictions, about 30% of last year’s turnover was forecast. In the world, European, and consequently in the domestic capital market in the period from February to March this year corrected the share prices of leading tourist companies by up to 50%, which testifies to the great fear and caution of investors in that period. In the meantime, prices on the Croatian market have partially recovered, but are still below the pre-crisis level since the beginning of the year. Despite the uncertainty, the general consensus is that a recovery to the 2019 level is not expected until around 2022 or 2023. “Despite the circumstances, we witnessed the great demand of Croatia as a tourist destination from mid-July to the end of August. Unfortunately, closing the borders and prescribing the necessary tests for COVID-19 when entering the country, had the effect of shortening the season and lost part of the tourists who decided to return to their home countries so as not to get stuck at the border. We do not expect major structural changes in the tourism sector in the long run, as demand remains stable.”, He said Filip Dumbović, Senior Consultant from the Appraisal and Investment Advisory Department. The Croatian National Tourist Board has published the latest data showing that they are the achieved results are still better than expected. Namely, in the first 9 months, about 40% of arrivals and 50% of overnight stays were realized compared to the same period last year. There were fewer tourists, but on average they stayed longer in Croatia and the average length of stay per guest was over 7 days. Brownfield and greenfield investments in larger hotel projects for which the financial issue has been resolved and which are in the process of construction have been continued, while most projects that were still under consideration were postponed. She was noticed high demand for hotel portfolios and for hotels with more than 100 rooms. Sellers who are not forced to sell real estate and whose moratorium and government measures have eased the situation hold the price while on the other hand investors want to take advantage of the circumstances and seek discount opportunities. Colliers International Croatia, Slovenia & BiH has started a new cycle of presenting the situation on the real estate market to a wider audience. In a slightly different format from the summer round tables with renowned players on the market, as webinars under the umbrella title “2020 – what impact has it had on the market and what else can we expect from it? ” for 30 minutes every Monday at 10 a.m. gives a review of one real estate sector. They are today Filip Dumbović, Senior Consultant, and Ivan Laljak, A consultant from the Department of Appraisals and Investment Advisory, presented the true state of the previous tourist season and explained in more detail investments in the HTL segment. “There are two main reasons why Zadar is the southernmost destination in the top 10 in terms of the number of overnight stays this year. The first reason is the higher share of domestic tourists, and the second reason is the stronger resilience of destinations based on road transport, while higher losses were recorded by destinations dependent on air transport, such as Split and Dubrovnik, “explained Laljak. Accommodation capacity Among the most significant transactions are the acquisition of HTP Orebić by pension funds, the redistribution of shares in Kharisma hotels taken over by TUI Group from Fortenova and Hotel Riviera in Pula which Arenaturist bought from the Republic of Croatia. Positive expectations remain in the investment market for the end of the year. Certain key factors like quality of supply and content, proximity to major emitting markets and a small number of reported cases of infection showed how Istria has maintained the status of the most desirable destination and leading tourist region in terms of the number of overnight stays in Croatia this year. In the top 10 most sought after destinations this summer no Dubrovnik, while it topped last year with 3,8 million overnight stays. Vir is the absolute winner this year with over 2 million overnight stays, but with almost 80% of overnight stays realized in non-commercial accommodation. John introduced how the development of tourism moved, an important industry in Croatia, which has close to 17% share in gross value added (total direct and indirect effects of tourism), looking mostly at the results of this year’s tourist season and which are expectations and forecasts for the future period. Tourism development “What came to life during the health pandemic is the so-called Hybrid hospitality: hotels to work in. This concept combines hotel services with flexible office space. Namely, certain hotels with a low level of occupancy have become an extension of office space in such a way that lobbies are used for meetings and hotel rooms for work. In Europe, we see interesting conversions of hotels into business premises, so we are witnessing the conversion of hotels into nursing homes”, Explained Dumbović. You can also watch a recording of the lecture on the YT channel, below. The strong development of tourism in Croatia has been noticed for the past 10 years, which is shown to us year by year by the numbers in arrivals and overnight stays. The growth of physical indicators was accompanied by the growth of revenues from tourism, which in the period from 2011 to 2019 grew at an average annual rate of 7.5%. Record 2019 revenues from tourism amounted to over 10,5 billion euros. Prema CBS-u, it was recorded last year 19,3 million arrivals and 90,7 million overnight stays in commercial accommodation. Figures by Croatian National Tourist Board (data by system eVisitor), are even larger as they include both commercial and non-commercial accommodation. Croatian tourism strongly depends on foreign tourists who generated as much as 92% of total overnight stays last year. Looking at the regions, most overnight stays were realized in the County of Istria – as much as 29% of all overnight stays in Croatia in 2019. As the biggest pain of our tourism is emphasized precisely seasonality, characterized by the highest activity in the summer months. At last year’s level, July and August generated almost 60% of all overnight stays, and together with June and September as much as 84% ​​of total overnight stays. Investments in the hotel segment Photo: Engin_Akyurt, Pixabay.comlast_img read more

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang blames tiredness and muscle cramps for his miss as Arsenal crash out to Olympiacos in the Europa League

first_img Metro Sport ReporterThursday 27 Feb 2020 11:23 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link5.9kShares Comment Advertisement Advertisement Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang had his head in his hands after his late miss for Arsenal (Getty Images)‘But its not an excuse, I have to score this goal, but that can happen.‘I think it was tough because they play very deep, it was hard to find solutions i the final third, as I said it was a tough game, it was tough to find some spaces.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityArsenal’s only hope of securing Champions League qualification is now through the Premier League but Mikel Arteta’s side are seven points behind fourth-placed Chelsea.‘We will try to keep improving in the league,’ said Aubameyang.‘We will try to win as many games as possible, we well see how many chances we have to qualify.’Follow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang was stunned by his late miss for Arsenal (BT Sport)Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang claims tiredness and muscle cramps were a factor behind his late miss as Arsenal crashed out of the Europa League to Olympiacos on Thursday evening.The Gunners had a 1-0 lead on aggregate from the first leg but were forced to go to extra time after Pape Abou Cisse put the Greek side ahead in the 53rd minute at the Emirates Stadium.Aubameyang struck a brilliant overhead kick to make it 1-1 and put Arsenal back in front on aggregate before Youssef El-Arabi struck to restore Olympiacos’ lead with a minute remaining.But Aubameyang was handed a clear-cut chance from seven yards out in the closing stages of the match, however the Arsenal striker lashed his effort wide of goal.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTAsked about his late miss which would have put Arsenal through to the Europa League last-16, Aubameyang replied: ‘Yeah… I don’t even know, I feel very, very bad, yeah that can happen, I don’t know how I missed this chance, I was tired, I had some cramps. Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang blames tiredness and muscle cramps for his miss as Arsenal crash out to Olympiacos in the Europa Leaguelast_img read more