On December 10 in 2005, Sachin Tendulkar went past Sunil Gavaskar’s tally of record 34 hundreds in Test cricket when he struck his 35th.Tendulkar scored 109 against Sri Lanka at the Feroz Shah Kotla stadium in New Delhi to surpass Gavaskar, who achieved the feat against Sri Lanka at Kanpur in 1986 when he struck 176.Tendulkar played a record 200 Test matches for India in a career that lasted 24 years.Tendulkar, who wanted to be a fast bowler, hammered 51 Test hundreds and 49 centuries in one day internationals. He went to the MRF pace academy but Australian fast bowling great Dennis Lillee advised Tendulkar to focus on his batting. The rest is history.He finished his career as the leading run-getter in international cricket, with 34,357 runs across formats — 15,921 in 200 Tests, 18,426 in 463 ODIs and 10 in 1 T20 international. He played his final match — his 200th Test — at his home ground in November 2013 at the Wankhede stadium when India hosted West Indies in a Test series.Tendulkar was the first male cricketer to smash a double hundred in ODIs when he struck 200 not out off 147 balls against South Africa in Gwalior on February 24, 2010.He made a record six World Cup appearances eventually ending up on the triumphant side in his last tournament, in 2011 at the Wankhede stadium when India defeated Sri Lanka in the final.Tendulkar also played in the Indian Premier League for Mumbai Indians. In 78 matches, he smashed 2334 runs including one century and 13 fifties.
The Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri are three separate awards given by the Government of India which seek to recognize achievements in all fields of activities or disciplines where an element of public service is involved. The Padma Awards were instituted in the year 1954, and is announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day except for brief interruption(s) during the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997.How are people nominated for the Padma Awards?The state governments, union territory administrations, central ministries and departments, the institutions of Excellence etc submit the recommendations for the Padma awards.These nominations are then considered by an Awards Committee who give their recommendations.The Padma Awards are announced on the eve of the Republic Day on the basis of the information secured from the awards committee, and after the approval of the Home Minister, Prime Minister and President.The Padma Awards Committee is constituted by the Prime Minister every year.The Awards are given in three categories: Padma Vibhushan (for exceptional and distinguished service), Padma Bhushan (distinguished service of higher order) and Padma Shri (distinguished service).Here is how the three Padma Awards are different from each other.Padma Vibhushan:It is the second highest civilian honour of India is given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by the government servants.The highest award in India is the Bharat Ratna.Padma Bhushan:This award is given to recognize distinguished service of a high order to the nation.advertisementPadma Shri:It is given by distinguished service in any field including service rendered by the Government servants.Various fields of work for which Padma Awards are givenAs per the government website on Padma Awards, here is a list of the fields which are considered for Padma Awards:Art (includes Music, Painting, Sculpture, Photography, Cinema, Theatre etc.)Social work (includes social service, charitable service, contribution in community projects etc.)Public Affairs (includes Law, Public Life, Politics etc.)Science & Engineering (includes Space Engineering, Nuclear Science, Information Technology, Research & Development in Science & its allied subjects etc.)Trade & Industry (includes Banking, Economic Activities, Management, Promotion of Tourism, Business etc.)Medicine (includes medical research, distinction/specialization in Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Sidhha, Allopathy, Naturopathy etc.)Literature & Education (includes Journalism, Teaching, Book composing, Literature, Poetry, Promotion of education, Promotion of literacy, Education Reforms etc.)Civil Service (includes distinction/excellence in administration etc. by Government Servants)Sports (includes popular Sports, Athletics, Adventure, Mountaineering, promotion of sports, Yoga etc.)Others (fields not covered above and may include propagation of Indian Culture, protection of Human Rights, Wild Life protection/conservation etc.)Who are eligible or not eligible for the Padma Awards?All persons without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex are eligible for these awards. However, except doctors and scientists, government servants including those working with PSUs, are not eligible for the Padma Awards.Read: From Manoj Bajpayee to Gautam Gambhir: Complete list of all 113 Padma awardeesRead: Gautam Gambhir, Sunil Chhetri among 9 sports stars honoured with Padma awardsRead: 8 major awards given by the Government of India