By Sharon OmahenUniversity of Georgia Program result of a trip northIn the fall of 1979, Ferree began promoting the program in theMetro-Atlanta area. Under the leadership of Dekalb Countyhorticultural agent Newton Hogg, three urban county agents inDekalb and Fulton counties organized and conducted the firstGeorgia Master Gardener training program. The first classgraduated 140 Master Gardener volunteers. “We graduated over 100 people per year for the first 15 years,”Fonseca said. “Then the program began to explode. Over the pastfew years, we’ve graduated 400 volunteers each year.”The first Master Gardeners’ training manual was a three-ringbinder filled with 10 chapters of UGA horticulture trainingmaterials. The handbook has since evolved into a 25 chapter,600-page manual. “Our Master Gardener graduates are thoroughly trained by UGAexperts,” Fonseca said. “But the true essence of the program isthe work and dedication of the volunteers. They are committed toserving their communities through projects that promote theirlove of gardening and teach others to protect and preserve theenvironment.”Presenting classes, answering phonesIn 2004, Master Gardeners in Georgia volunteered more than150,000 hours of their time. Their projects ranged from gardendemonstrations to “lunch and learn” lectures and plant-doctorclinics. They also answered hundreds of consumer phone calls.The newest part of the Master Gardener program is a trainingdesigned especially for school teachers. The Teacher MasterGardener Program is a condensed program offered during thesummer. Teachers are taught how to develop lesson plans centeredaround horticulture.”The teachers then go back and coordinate the installation ofschool gardens that are used as teaching tools,” Fonseca said.”We’ve had 150 teachers participate so far.”The traditional Master Gardener program classes are currentlyon-going. Teachers who are interested in the summer program foreducators should contact Krissy Slagle, Georgia Master Gardenerprogram assistant, at (770) 229-3368 or email her at([email protected]). Over the past 25 years, more than 3,500 people across the statehave worked for the University of Georgia and never received apaycheck.As graduates of the UGA College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences Master Gardener Program, they all volunteered their timeto assist county Extension Service agents. People who sign up for the program get 40 hours of training fromUGA Extension Service faculty. After at least 50 hours of servicethrough their local Georgia Extension office, they’re certifiedas Master Gardeners.After the training, they use their new expertise to help withcommunity education projects. 25-year celebrationThe program recently celebrated its 25thanniversary. Acelebration held January 14 at the New Perry Hotel in Perry, Ga.,brought together past graduates and county Extension agenttrainers. Georgia’s Master Gardener program first began in the spring of1979 when Butch Ferree, then head of the UGA Department ofHorticulture, traveled to Washington state to learn about apopular new urban extension outreach program, said Marco Fonseca,coordinator of the Georgia Master Gardener Program. “The program was created by urban extension agents in Washingtonstate who, inundated by homeowner requests for horticulturalinformation, developed the idea of a training volunteers to helpthem,” Fonseca said. By doing this, costs were kept to a minimum, he said, but thereturns were invaluable by providing a service the communityneeded.
By Stephanie SchupskaUniversity of GeorgiaInsects eat one-third of all food produced worldwide before it ever reaches the dinner table, according to University of Georgia expert Mike Adang. Since his undergraduate days at Indiana University, the entomology professor has been interested in ways to control insects besides using pesticides. Through his research at UGA’s College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, he’s found a better, natural way to fight pests.Adang discovered BtBooster through a series of biopesticide experiments. By adding a bit of an insect protein to a small piece of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) protein, he learned that it “took less Bt to kill the insects.” In this case, the insects were hornworms, and originally, Adang expected the experiment to leave them ready and waiting to devour more plants. Instead, it left them dead.Bt is a biopesticide that produces proteins toxic to many insect species. “It’s a natural bacterium,” Adang said. “It attacks the insect’s gut, making the insect sick.”However, some insects are resistant to Bt. And that’s where Adang’s surprise comes into play. He and colleagues Gang Hua and John Chen had been hoping to learn how Bt kills insects by feeding them part of an insect protein, the Bt receptor. Instead, they found a way to supercharge Bt and kill the insects faster and with less biopesticide.And BtBooster was born.“We were very pleased to see something come from our basic research,” Adang said. “It’s a long way from the lab to making something useful.”Bt proteins have changed the way crop plants are protected against insects. The technology can be built into a plant like cotton or corn and has been available to farmers since 1996. Vegetables and trees can be protected from insect damage by being sprayed with a biopesticide made from Bt.Bt provides an alternative to chemical ways of dealing with pests, especially where chemicals could harm humans. Bt doesn’t hurt people. For that reason, foresters can spray whole stands of tree with Bt to fight gypsy moths, which are among North America’s most devastating forest pests.Organic farmers can use Bt and still be considered organic because biopesticides come from living organisms. They can control the insects on their crops without having to worry about chemical residues.Though Bt crops are becoming more common, chemicals are still a common way of controlling insects. “Chemical pesticides are still safe,” Adang said. “But over the years, people have started to worry more about problems such as groundwater contamination and other issues like that.”Through Bt, and now with BtBooster, the potential impact is great as more producers use crops that have been retrofitted with the Bt protein.“Using BtBooster will allow Bt crops and Bt biopesticides to work better,” Adang said, “having a positive environmental impact and reducing chemical insecticide use.”Through a National Institutes of Health grant, UGA and his gene design and discovery company InsectiGen, Adang is now studying how Bt kills mosquitoes. Using a U.S. Department of Agriculture National Research Initiative grant, he’s specifically looking at how insects become resistant to Bt in cotton. He’s digging deeper into the workings of BtBooster, too, trying to figure out how it works and making improvements to optimize it.Through UGA’s Georgia BioBusiness Center, Adang formed InsectiGen in 2003 with Clifton Baile, a CAES professor of animal science. Its focus is on discovering and engineering proteins for insect control.Because of his discovery of BtBooster, he was presented the UGA Inventor’s Award on March 29. He has also filed for a patent license to continue his quest of developing a farm-production product for pest control.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York By Lissa HarrisWARNING: SPOILERS DEAD AHEAD!!!Glenn is alive. This big fat cat was let out of the bag in Sunday night’s episode of The Walking Dead. Glenn’s fate was one of the best cliff hangers this season, but Sunday night’s cliff hanger came in at a close second. Since this big reveal, the virtual world has imploded in an attempt to either laud or vilify Glenn’s escape under a dumpster after he used Nicholas’ body as an edible shield.This was one of the show’s most dramatic moments but not one of its most important.A few weeks ago I argued for the paramountcy of episode 4, “Here’s Not Here,” the relatively slow-paced back-story on how Morgan had acquired his “all life is precious” ideology.The debate between “kill or be killed” and “all life is precious” has been the show’s meat and potatoes all along, so to speak, and as we head toward next week’s mid-season finale, the writers’ are gearing up to serve us the main course.Last Sunday’s episode 7, “Heads Up,” gives us a variety of ways to look at this issue. Here’s how Morgan, Rick, Carol and Michonne discuss Morgan’s decision to let some members of the Wolves gang live after they attacked him. Rick argues with him: “Do you really think you can do that without getting blood on your hands?” Morgan’s painfully honest answer is: “I don’t know.”There is a brief exchange between Sam, the son of Dr. Pete, the killer in the season 5 finale, and Carol, TWD’s resident Grinch whose heart is three sizes too small. Sam asks Carol, “If you kill people, do you turn into one of the monsters?”But Carol misunderstands the questions and answers him the only way she possibly could. “The only thing that keeps you from becoming a monster is killing,” she explains.In another scene, Rick and Tara save bone-head Spencer, who is trying to exit Alexandria via a zip line that eventually, inevitably, snaps. Deanna, former leader of Alexandria, asks Rick why he bothered to save Spencer instead of using him as a decoy to save the others. Rick explains that he saved Spencer because he is her son and he values Deanna’s friendship.“Wrong answer,” Deanna tells him, implying that she thinks Rick saved Spencer because he’s really a good person who values human life.Does this mean that when push comes to shove, Rick subscribes to Morgan’s philosophy that “all life is precious”?I would say that the show’s writers lean toward Morgan’s side of the debate. Each scene described above would suggest it. To me, this is the episode’s big reveal. Oh sure, they have nine more episodes to play with our emotions and keep us flip-flopping on the ideological scale between survival of the fittest and respect for all living things.But we know where our beloved characters are going to land. Even amid the terror and the fear that comes from their dire predicament, their humanity depends upon their ability to show compassion and trust toward their fellow human beings. They are prepared to accept the possibility that their good will may be taken advantage of, rather than allow their connection to each other to be overruled by dread and hatred. As The Walking Dead has shown us since the very first episode, their vulnerability is their greatest asset because it creates inexhaustible courage. And with limitless bravery, our heroes can face any obstacle, even a church tower collapsing on their wall.
Burton R. Sintz, age 91, of Brookville, Indiana died Friday, February 1, 2019 at his residence in Brookville.Born October 1, 1927 in Franklin County, Indiana he was one of nine children born to the late Harry & Emma (Haas) Sintz. He was a United States Army Veteran of the Korean Conflict.On October 23, 1954 he was united in marriage to the former Shirley Stang, and she survives. Burton was retired, having worked for much of his life as a printer at Whitewater Publications in Brookville. In his leisure time he enjoyed walking, and was an avid fan of Indiana University basketball.He was a member of the Bernard Hurst Post #77 of the American Legion in Brookville, and had also served on the Franklin County School Board in the 1960’s.Besides Shirley his loving wife of over 64 years, survivors include two daughters & sons-in-law, Donna (Gerald) Wendel of Cedar Grove, Indiana and Patti (Jeff) Teufel of Brookville, Indiana; four grandchildren, Kyla (Andrew) O’Connor, Randal (Jasmine Williamson) Teufel, Jennifer (Mark) Zimmerman, Krystal (Danny Greene) Minton; two step-grandchildren, Mark Wendel and Sara Wendel; four great-grandchildren and six step great-grandchildren; a sister, Marjorie (Irwin) Stang of Brookville, Indiana, and a brother, Donald ‘Scoop’ Sintz of Brookville, Indiana.Family & friends may visit from 5 until 8:00 P.M. on Monday, February 4, 2019 at Phillips & Meyers Funeral Home, 1025 Franklin Avenue, Brookville.Rev. Ladona Webb, Pastor of St. Thomas Lutheran Church will officiate the Funeral Services on Tuesday, February 5, 2019, 10:30 A.M., at Phillips & Meyers Funeral Home. Burial with full military graveside honors by the Bernard Hurst Post #77 of the American Legion will follow in Maple Grove Cemetery in Brookville.Memorial contributions may be directed to a charity of the Donors choice. Phillips & Meyers Funeral Home is honored to serve the Sintz family, to sign the online guest book or send personal condolences please visit www.phillipsandmeyers.com .