Never before has the Venezuelan Bolivarian process faced such a dangerous threat as it does today. This is true even though U.S. imperialism and its collaborators in Venezuela have imposed a continuous siege on the country ever since Hugo Chávez became president in 1999. Their hostile actions included a coup d’état, which was quickly defeated, and sabotage of Venezuela’s nationalized oil company.Now that campaign has intensified and includes the possibility of direct military intervention to achieve their goal of “regime change.” For the last two months those opposing the revolutionary process, led mainly by the so-called Democratic Unity Roundtable (MUD), have committed violent actions daily.Fascist acts of terrorThese criminal acts have been directed with surgical accuracy against people identified as pro-Chavista. The reactionaries have targeted state establishments, too. The criminals have burned or destroyed everything — from entire fleets of public buses and offices of the government party, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), to maternity and children’s hospitals. They recently burned down Chávez’s childhood home.These terrorists have already killed about 60 people. Their cruelty is unimaginable, as is their terrible racist character.After identifying a young Afro-Venezuelan as a Chavista, the criminals set him on fire, chased him and then stabbed him. When some women from the wealthy sector of Altamira in Caracas saw an Indigenous woman, a well-known artist, they shouted at her, insulted her, and kicked and hit her with flag poles.Paid criminal gangs and Colombian paramilitaries are also involved in these terrorist acts. The Venezuelan government denounced the use of children in these attacks to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).(Diario Octubre, May 25)It is important to emphasize that although the corporate media present these terrorist acts as chaos at the national level, they are generally limited to the areas where the mayor’s or governor’s office is in the reactionary opposition’s hands. In the neighborhoods where poor people live, they are not joining in these acts of terror.The attacks against the Bolivarian revolution have taken place not just inside Venezuela, but the country’s embassies and consulates have been targeted as well, including the consulate in New York City. Physical attacks or insults have been leveled against Venezuelans and other people who are seen as being in solidarity with Bolivarian Venezuela, such as filmmaker Oliver Stone.Washington’s hostile plansThrough the Organization of American States and its president, Luis Almagro, the U.S. has mounted an international campaign to impose the so-called “OAS Democratic Charter” on Venezuela and to involve other countries in its hostile plans.This is particularly true regarding Colombia. A few days after Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos met with U.S. President Donald Trump on May 18, Santos ordered the army to deploy its armored tanks to the Venezuelan border. Venezuelan Foreign Minister Delcy Rodríguez immediately denounced this provocation by the neighboring country.Trump’s meetings with key Venezuelan opposition figures have also exposed U.S. assistance to these forces. He met with Julio Borges, opposition president in Venezuela’s National Assembly, and with Lilian Tintori, spouse of Leopoldo López, currently imprisoned for inciting violent protests in 2014 that caused 43 deaths. Violence inside Venezuela increased significantly after the meetings with Trump.Corporate news reports, especially by CNN’s Spanish network, blame President Nicolás Maduro for the violence, calling it “state repression.” Faced with this false news, Workers World/Mundo Obrero interviewed a leader of the famous Neighborhood 23 de Enero (January 23), to gain a view of how working-class communities are assessing the situation and acting.The people’s voiceJuan Contreras is a member of the Simón Bolívar Coordinadora, a grass-roots social organization that has supported the Bolivarian process for 18 years. He was a deputy in the National Assembly. The January 23 Neighborhood is of vital importance in the revolutionary historical process. The Cuartel de la Montaña, where Commander Chávez is buried, is located there.To put the current situation in context, Contreras told Workers World: “What happens today in Venezuela involves a counteroffensive that the Yankee empire has been promoting.” He listed the right-wing coups that overthrew progressive governments in Paraguay and Honduras and the ouster of Brazil’s former President Dilma Rousseff.“And what is still missing?” he asked. “The crown jewel, Venezuela. For more than two decades, since Hugo Chávez became the ‘bad example.’ Thanks to the Bolivarian Process, these processes have spread to the Caribbean and Latin America and been established in Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador and El Salvador. The Sandinistas returned in Nicaragua. Cuba remains the moral and ethical beacon for our peoples.“The Bolivarian Process spread to our Latin America and Caribbean, and today the U.S. empire wants to end all these processes.”Contreras emphatically declares the hostile forces in Venezuela to be counterrevolutionaries, not just opponents. He compares the current situation with “what happened in Nicaragua with the counterrevolution sponsored by the U.S. empire, which armed the ‘contras’ at the border, and sabotaged the work in the factories and the planting of the fields [agriculture] from within the ministries.”Resistance to the attacks“[This] is financed by the empire. They just approved more than $500 million for the counterrevolution,” Contreras continued. “Even though there is scarcely half a year left until the general elections, they are determined to demand elections now. What is now underway in Venezuela is a massive subversive process, trying to wear people down, and aimed at the overthrow of the Bolivarian process. But the people here are resisting the empire’s attacks.”Contreras explained, “[The contras] are using economic warfare, hiding food and medicine.” He also mentioned the media war that attempts to portray Venezuela as a failed state, a “narco-state,” with an alleged “humanitarian crisis” meant to justify foreign intervention. “The empire believes this is the moment for the final thrust because there is no Commander Chávez. But President Maduro cannot be Commander Chávez. He must carry on with his own leadership style.”Former U.S. President Barack Obama declared Venezuela a “threat to the U.S.,” noted Contreras. “But it’s such nonsense to say that Venezuela is a threat to the principal imperialist power of the world.“But the people here are still betting on this revolution, which has helped the 80 percent excluded during the Fourth Republic [pre-1999] to have access to health care and education,” he stressed.Maduro calls for a Constituent Assembly“President Maduro, aiming for peace, has called for a Constituent Assembly in the framework of the failure of dialogue between the opposition and the government.” Contreras believes that during the dialogue “the possibility of reaching any agreement was zero because only the government and the counterrevolutionaries were present. There was no direct participation of the people, our workers, Indigenous people, peasants, students, people of the neighborhoods. The shirtless, the toothless, the ones the bourgeoisie does not want. They are the ones who were missing at the discussion table. That’s why it was condemned to fail.“The Constituent Assembly is a great meeting of a national character where people’s representatives dictate the guidelines that should mark the coexistence between governed and governor. The popular sectors have the hope of achieving peace through this Constituent Assembly.“But,” Contreras warned, “if that Constituent Assembly does not have the presence of the people, it will be a complete failure. There can be no favoritism; you cannot impose the individuals you want. The people who go there must be those who have maintained this process for 18 years. Because they are the ones who know what are the problems affecting the Bolivarian process. Legality is one thing, but our people have the political knowledge. That is why there should be a people-based Constituent Assembly. It has to be the people [the poor] who design the path to follow.”Contreras also suggested that members of the Constituent Assembly must not have held public office for at least two years.The Constituent Assembly, Contreras pointed out, in seeking to include measures not now in the Constitution, such as appropriate punishment of perpetrators of terrorism, must also include punishment for those who commit acts of corruption. He gives an example of those who — after stealing from the people, using the cheapest dollars granted by the government to import essential products — did not fulfill that obligation. They only brought part of the products into the country and kept the rest of the money. They went abroad to live and then returned to Venezuela without being punished.How can the people be included in the Constituent Assembly?“This is a class struggle and my class is one of those at the bottom,” stressed Contreras. “We must now allow the people to express themselves. From below, we want a Constitution that protects the Revolution and allows building on the theme of peace, not to where those fascist sectors want us to go.”To include the people in the Constituent Assembly, Contreras explained, “We are holding assemblies across the country where the people discuss the issues. Here in the 23rd de Enero we have already held two. The 23rd is divided into organized sectors. In one sector we held a forum with a constitutional lawyer to which 325 people came. This was under the difficult conditions in which the country finds itself. There are 13 sectors in the neighborhood (parish), and we will visit it sector by sector to hold debates on the Constituent Assembly. Then we will hold a larger assembly where all the sectors and all the organizations that are part of the 23rd come.“The life of the [revolutionary] process itself is at stake in this Constituent Assembly. The possibility that an alternative model can be developed in Latin America and the Caribbean is at stake.“These debates are taking place in the factories, in the fields, in the universities. They are responding to President Maduro’s call for a discussion.“In contrast with neoliberal models, where they bet on the individual, here we bet on the construction of an alternative model with new values within society, values of solidarity, and for moving forward to build a different economic, social and political model.“I believe that this is the path that Comandante Chávez told us to build — the communal state as a transitional process for advancing Bolivarian socialism.”FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
When I briefed the United Nations Security Council on the situation in Liberia last September, I described the Ebola crisis as the gravest threat facing the country since the civil war ended in 2003.The crisis exposed how fragile Liberia remains. With the number of new cases rising exponentially, suffering people streamed to the few Ebola treatment centres in operation. Many died before they could be admitted by overwhelmed health care workers. In many places health services virtually ceased. Trade plummeted and food prices rose. Schools were closed and the army was deployed in the streets. Panic and mistrust gripped the nation.Four months on and I am hopeful. The Government has gotten out ahead of Ebola with massive support from international partners. My optimism is grounded in observing the resilience Liberians displayed during some of their most difficult days.In my frequent travel outside the capital Monrovia at the height of the crisis in August and September, I met with county superintendents (the equivalent of the governor in a U.S. state) and county health teams that were getting on with the difficult tasks of community education, body collection and building isolation facilities — often with minimal funding.They played a critical role in changing dangerous practices, such as the ritual washing of the dead at funerals. In contrast to the dependency syndrome often bemoaned by Liberia’s partners and analysts, the can-do attitude that I saw in the hardest hit communities could indeed be an engine for a better Liberia after Ebola.The fight against the disease is still very much on, with the government-led response shifting strategy to move quickly to isolate localized outbreaks before they spread.In the past three weeks, there has been an average of one new confirmed case recorded in Liberia each day. That is very good news compared to five cases a day in the previous three weeks and 21 per day the period before — and the hundreds of cases recorded each week in August and September.But five cases a day would have been considered a catastrophe in the first six months of last year when the epidemic began. The number of new cases must be reduced to zero and the same must be achieved in neighboring Guinea and Sierra Leone, where progress has been far slower.Virtually all of us in Liberia were caught off guard by the speed with which the disease spun out of control, triggering a multifaceted crisis with economic, political, social and security reverberations — the costs of which are still being tabulated.The presence of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Liberia (known by its acronym UNMIL) provided early and critical support to the Government-led Ebola response. Equally vital were reassurances that the mission and UN family would remain in Liberia through resolution of the crisis. But UNMIL is no long-term solution for securing stability in Liberia. This year, the United Nations will continue to draw down its peacekeeping forces, which now stand at 5,000 from more than 15,000 in the aftermath of the civil war. At this juncture, Liberia must address the factors that made it possible for Ebola to spread so quickly — including the deep mistrust among Liberians, weakly-functioning social services, poor accountability and an overly centralized government. If left unaddressed, Liberia’s fragility will continue to hold the country back. In the absence of a stabilizing force like UNMIL a future shock could set the country back further. There are important ways in which the international community can help Liberia to build on some of the positive developments that grew out of the Ebola tragedy. Directing development aid toward empowering communities that did so much with so little during the crisis can be a key to building a more inclusive society. The can-do attitude in the counties has given impetus to Liberia’s stalled decentralization process. Transferring decision-making and requisite resources to the populations across the country might seem radical to some; it is long overdue and necessary. Having contributed billions of U.S. dollars in the past decade, donors ask how aid can be made more effective. The stimulus package the Government is seeking should be linked to accountability measures, such as a compact with clear provisions on revenue management.Strengthening access to basic social services for all would go a long way to promoting reconciliation and cohesion in Liberian society where many still feel historically excluded. The Ebola response engendered cooperation across communities and counties — for instance, in the tracing of people who might have been exposed to the disease. Further cause for optimism comes from the mid-term senatorial elections, which were held on 20 December under peaceful conditions. The difficult decision on whether to proceed with polling during the Ebola epidemic was resolved following a national consultative process that took into account the associated health risks. Liberia showed extraordinary resilience during the height of the Ebola crisis. Building on this will require bold leadership to move forward on decentralization, stronger accountability measures, and better health and education for all Liberians. Such steps to cement the country’s fragile peace deserve continued support.Karin Landgren is the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General and Coordinator of UN Operations in Liberia. The views expressed here are her own. This article was originally published on Huffingtonpost.com.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Embed from Getty ImagesJack Robinson and Sandro are included in the QPR starting line-up for the game at Loftus Road.Rangers manager Ian Holloway did not expect Robinson to fully recover from a hamstring problem in time for the match, but he has been passed fit and plays instead of Jake Bidwell.And Sandro makes his first league start of the season, with Massimo Luongo recalled to the starting line-up following a recent illness.It means Jordan Cousins and Karl Henry drop to the bench.Wolves, meanwhile, have defender Danny Batth back from suspension as they look to end a run of nine Championship games without a win.QPR: Smithies; Onuoha, Hall, Lynch; Perch, Sandro, Luongo, Robinson; Chery, Washington, Polter.Subs: Ingram, Bidwell, Cousins, Gladwin, Henry, Ngbakoto, Sylla. Ads by Revcontent Trending Articles Urologists: Men, Forget the Blue Pill! This “Destroys” ED x ‘Genius Pill’ Used By Rich Americans Now Available In Netherlands! x Men, You Don’t Need the Blue Pill if You Do This x One Cup of This (Before Bed) Burns Belly Fat Like Crazy! x What She Did to Lose Weight Stuns Doctors: Do This Daily Before Bed! x Drink This Before Bed, Watch Your Body Fat Melt Like Crazy x Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Buckeye quarterback Troy Smith runs for yardage during action between the Ohio State Buckeyes and Illinois Fighting Illini at Memorial Stadium in Champaign, Illinois on November 4, 2006. Ohio State won 17-10. (Photo by G. N. Lowrance/Getty Images)Ohio State’s NFL hopefuls will have a former Heisman Trophy throwing to them during the Buckeyes’ pro day this morning. Troy Smith, who won the prestigious award at OSU in 2006, is scheduled to throw to the Buckeyes’ former wide receiver Devin Smith, former tight end Jeff Heuerman and others at the Woody Hayes Athletic Center this afternoon. Smith has been out of the NFL since 2010. Former Heisman Trophy winner Troy Smith getting loose. Scheduled to throw later on at OSU Pro Day. pic.twitter.com/hHQvnvNmtn— Ryan Cooper (@RyanCooperOSU) March 13, 2015 This isn’t surprising – Ohio State typically brings in a guest quarterback to throw to its players on pro day. It’ll be interesting to see how the former All-American looks, though.
07Sep Rep. Hughes memorializes fallen police officer during ceremony State Rep. Holly Hughes today during a Sept. 11 ceremony in the Capitol honored a fallen Norton Shores police officer who died in the line of duty.Hughes, of Montague, read the name of Norton Shores Police Officer Jonathan Ginka, who died May 10 in a vehicle accident.“Officer Ginka served his community well, first as a member of the North Muskegon Fire Department and then as a law enforcement officer. He was the epitome of a selfless public servant,” Hughes said. “I hope honoring him in our annual ceremony will bring comfort to his family.”Hughes said the House began its Sept. 11 ceremony in 2011 to honor Michigan’s first responders and members of the military who died in the line of duty.“We honor these men and women who are heroes to us all for the selfless dedication they have to their communities and their nation,” Hughes said. “Just like the first responders and military members who rushed into the World Trade Center and Pentagon on that horrific day in 2011, these local heroes rush to the aid of people in their communities or defense of their nation.”PHOTO INFORMATION: State Rep. Holly Hughes, of Montague, today was joined by Norton Shores Police Chief John Gale and Lt. Michael Kasher as her guests for the Michigan House’s annual Sept. 11 Memorial Service at the Capitol. The ceremony remembers first responders and members of the military from Michigan who died in the line of duty in the past year. Categories: Hughes News,News
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 18 2018Research on toxic proteins could drive treatment strategiesBetter tactics for detecting, preventing and treating Alzheimer’s disease depend on a clearer understanding of cellular-level changes in the minds of patients, and a new study has uncovered novel details about the vulnerability of one type of brain cell.Researchers found that excitatory neurons – those that are more likely to trigger an action (as opposed to inhibitory neurons, which are less likely to prompt neural activity) – are more vulnerable to accumulations of abnormal tau protein, which is increasingly being implicated in Alzheimer’s disease.The study also uncovered some possible genetic explanations for the vulnerability of those cells, work that has the potential to one day lead to targeted treatment. The study, co-led by Hongjun “Harry” Fu of The Ohio State University, appears today (Dec. 17, 2018) in the journal Nature Neuroscience. Fu, who recently came to Ohio State from Columbia University, co-led the research with Karen Duff of Columbia and Michele Vendruscolo of the University of Cambridge.Much of the research on Alzheimer’s disease in the past focused on the buildup of amyloid beta proteins in the brain. But work by Fu and his collaborators is focused on another protein linked to the disease, called tau.Tau plays an important role in normal, healthy neurological activity. But when it builds up within neurons early on in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, it clogs and then kills those cells. Excessive accumulation of the abnormal tau protein also has been linked to other neurological diseases, including dementia and traumatic brain injury, said Fu, an assistant professor of neuroscience, who is also a member of the Neurological Institute at Ohio State’s Wexner Medical Center and part of the university’s Chronic Brain Injury program.The researchers studied the brains of patients who had Alzheimer’s disease and also a mouse model and found that the abnormal tau protein accumulated predominantly in excitatory neurons, rather than inhibitory neurons.Related StoriesNeural pathways explain the relationship between imagination and willingness to helpRepurposing a heart drug could increase survival rate of children with ependymomaNanoparticles used to deliver CRISPR gene editing tools into the cellThen, using genetic analysis from the brains of donors who did not have Alzheimer’s disease or other neurological disorders, they found significant genetic differences between the excitatory neurons and other cells that seemed to explain the excitatory neurons’ susceptibility.Furthermore, the researchers confirmed that one of the “master regulator” genes, BAG3, is responsible for the clearance of abnormal tau protein.”We think there’s a really early, intrinsic difference in the brain cells that are prone to the accumulation of tau protein, which may explain why only certain neurons and brain regions are vulnerable to this problem in early Alzheimer’s,” Fu said.”If we can figure out the molecular determinants underlying vulnerability to this disease, it will help us better understand the development of Alzheimer’s disease and potentially could lead to techniques for early detection and targeted treatment.”Fu said future research will focus on understanding how genes interact with each other and contribute to vulnerability in Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological diseases associated with tau accumulation.”Other brain cells, including microglia, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, have also been found to play important roles in the development of Alzheimer’s disease. We are very interested to understand how those cells communicate with each other and affect the vulnerability of certain neurons,” Fu said.”Environmental factors, brain injury, diabetes, sleep deprivation, depression and other outside factors also have been linked to increased vulnerability to Alzheimer’s. We want to understand how intrinsic differences interact with these outside influences.” Source:https://news.osu.edu/one-type-of-brain-cell-may-invite-alzheimers/
For the moment, voice competitors to Amazon and Google remain largely in the wings.Microsoft’s Cortana assistant, which is available on PCs running Windows 10, allows hundreds of millions of users to search the web using Bing. But it hasn’t been a huge factor in gadget announcements leading up to CES. In fact, Alexa is even starting to encroach on Cortana’s turf by making its way onto some PCs.Apple hasn’t been prominent this year, either. But many manufacturers have adopted its HomeKit software in order to ensure they’ll work easily with iPhones and Siri. Apple, however, had to push back release of the HomePod, its almost-$350 smart speaker, until “early” this year; it was originally scheduled for December 2017.Some analysts also say it’s too soon to rule out Bixby, Samsung’s AI assistant, which the company vowed to make a more central part of all its connected devices by 2020. General Electric is showing off a suite of smart kitchen gizmos that connect its “Geneva” voice assistant to those of Amazon and Google. For example, you can preheat your oven by saying, “Alexa, tell Geneva to preheat the upper oven to 350.” China’s Baidu on Monday announced it was integrating its voice assistant into a lamp speaker and dome ceiling lights.Whether people will truly pay more for the ability not to walk over and flip a switch themselves is unclear. But manufacturers aren’t taking the chance that they’ll be left behind if one or the other assistant becomes dominant.”Five years ago, no one could predict what was going to happen with the smart home,” says LG Electronics USA marketing vice president David VanderWaal. “Five years from now, we’re not quite sure either. So this open partner, open platform system, is definitely the way to go.”THE RUNNERS UP LG adds Google AI in ‘smart home’ push (Update) THE EVERPRESENT COMPUTER THE STAKESThe two companies—and to a lesser extent, Apple, with Siri, and Microsoft, with Cortana—are waging a fierce struggle to establish their assistants as de facto standards for a new generation of voice-controlled devices. It’s similar in some respects to the decade-old battle between the iPhone and Google’s Android system in smartphones, or to the much older fight between Apple’s Mac computers and Microsoft’s Windows PCs.Both companies see the competition in existential terms. Getting shut out of voice devices could imperil Google’s lucrative digital-advertising business, the source of its financial strength. Amazon, meanwhile, wants to ensure that its customers can directly access its “everything store” in contrast to now, when they mostly shop via devices and software systems controlled by Amazon’s rivals.For consumers, meanwhile, the spread of these assistants offers new convenience in the form of an ever-present digital concierge. But there could also be some uneasiness about revealing even more about their habits, preferences and routines to distant computers that are always listening for their commands. Zack Hicks, CEO of Toyota Connected, talks about Amazon’s Alexa voice assistant during a news conference at CES International, Tuesday, Jan. 9, 2018, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. In a video presentation by LG, one consumer cooks while reading a recipe from the smart screen of the company’s voice-activated robot CLOi. Another prepares to embark on a vacation and shuts off her lights by saying, “Hey, Google, I’m leaving.”Google said this week it’s integrating its voice assistant to allow remote control of some settings in Kia and Fiat Chrysler vehicles, while Toyota announced a similar arrangement with Amazon that enables drivers to ask Alexa turn the heat up at home before they arrive.But these smart products can—and sometimes do —support multiple assistants. Toyota Connected CEO Zack Hicks told reporters that “we’re not exclusive” with Amazon, and that nothing prevents Toyota from partnering with others. Both companies usually shun conventions like CES, preferring to debut gadgets at their own press events. But these tech giants have built an imposing presence here this year as they work to weave their voice-operated digital assistants more deeply into our personal lives.Google has plastered digital billboards and the Las Vegas Monorail with the “Hey Google” wake-up command. It’s announced a range of new gadgets featuring its assistant on everything from smart displays to pressure cookers. And it’s sent out the clowns—a jumpsuit-wearing army of advertising associates wearing brightly-colored Converse sneakers and hovering around partner firms’ booths to explain how Google’s technology works.Amazon, which grabbed an early lead in this market, opted for a more subtle approach. Instead of an advertising blitz, its Alexa digital assistant has merely been popping up regularly in “smart” products across the convention—everything from mirrors and toilets to headphones and car dashboards.Executives from both companies have also been turning up at press conferences held by other companies such as Panasonic, LG and Toyota. “What we’re seeing is heavy competition between all the personal assistants,” says Gartner analyst Brian Blau. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. A monorail with a Google advertisement passes the Las Vegas Convention Center during CES International, Wednesday, Jan. 10, 2018, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) Tom Gebhardt, right, chairman and CEO of Panasonic Corp. of North America, shakes hands with Amazon’s Tom Taylor after watching a presentation during a news conference at CES International, Monday, Jan. 8, 2018, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) Explore further The flash of the CES technology show in Las Vegas is all about robots, drones and smart gadgets. But its subtext is all about Google versus Amazon. People wait in line to enter the Google booth at CES International, Wednesday, Jan. 10, 2018, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) Citation: Behind the smart gadgets, Amazon and Google are waging war (2018, January 10) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-smart-gadgets-amazon-google-waging.html People look at home appliances that can be controlled by Amazon’s Alexa at the LG booth during CES International, Tuesday, Jan. 9, 2018, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/John Locher)