Study shows how probiotics influence gut microbiota

first_img Source:http://en.itmo.ru/en/ Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Mar 19 2019A group of researchers from ITMO University and Knomics company studied how gut microbiota of 150 volunteers changed after a month of regular consumption of yogurt fortified with probiotics. The study showed that such diet increases the proportion of beneficial gut bacteria, which, in turn, can positively affect state of the whole organism. The work was supported by the company PepsiCo R&D Inc, the results are published in Nutrients journal.Modern research constantly confirms that gut microbiome state affects human health. Therefore, microbiome studies as well as the search for ways to influence it, became an urgent task. Scientists from ITMO University try to solve it using analysis of metagenome: the data obtained from genetic sequences of gut microbial community members.Related StoriesGrowth problems in preterm infants associated with altered gut bacteria’Scissors’ component of CRISPR/Cas9 sometimes gets stuckNew methods to recognize antimicrobial resistant bacteria and how they workIn the new work, scientists applied sequencing of the microbial 16S rRNA gene to reveal how gut microbiota response to the regular consumption of dairy products with probiotics. It turned out that such diet increases the relative abundance of potentially beneficial bifidobacteria, which can help to metabolize lactose, produce vitamins and amino acids. These bacteria have a positive effect on the body’s ability to resist inflammatory diseases, hormonal and cardiovascular disorders.The study involved 150 healthy volunteers who consumed 125 milliliters of yogurt with probiotics in the morning and evening during thirty days. Gut microbiota metagenome was analyzed for each volunteer on the first day of the study and after 30 days. The analysis revealed changes in the ratio of different species of microbes. Depending on the baseline composition of the microbiota, the intensity of changes was different, but in any case they were positive.”The microbiome of different people has individual characteristics, therefore, it responds to the diet differently. However, by analyzing the baseline state of the microbiome, we can predict how the microbiome will respond to the diet. This can be used to develop personalized nutrition schemes that will help improve the condition of a particular person,” notes Alexander Tyakht, researcher at ITMO University.last_img read more

Why the imported washing machine you want is getting more expensive

Citation: Why the imported washing machine you want is getting more expensive (2018, January 26) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-imported-machine-expensive.html Consumers considering solar panels are going to feel a similar sticker shock.Responding to complaints from U.S. manufacturers who said imported goods were costing them sales, Trump slapped on tariffs—20 percent for the first 1.2 million imported washers and then 50 percent for any other washers imported in year one. The tariff on washers will be in effect for three years, though the tariff percentage will decline in subsequent years.The move could mean that consumers pay $50 to $90 more for machines made by South Korean manufacturers such Samsung and LG, although other foreign washer manufacturers such as Electrolux and Miele will not escape the tariff.Solar cells, largely imported from China, are also being slapped with a tariff—30 percent in the first year.The Trump administration said the move is meant to return manufacturing jobs to the U.S.Benton Harbor, Mich.,-based Whirlpool Corp., whose 2011 petition to the Commerce Department prompted Trump’s action, said it added 200 full-time jobs at an Ohio plant in anticipation of the tariffs.Whirlpool called the tariffs “a win for American manufacturing jobs” and said it expects the industry to add new manufacturing jobs in Ohio, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee.For its part, the solar-installing industry warns that up to 23,000 jobs could be lost.The decision, will “create a crisis in a part of our economy that has been thriving, which will ultimately cost tens of thousands of hard-working blue-collar Americans their jobs,” said Abigail Ross Hopper, president and chief executive officer of the Solar Energy Industries Association, in a statement. Hopper expects the impact on solar investments to be billions of dollars.In 2016, there were 3,718 solar workers in Illinois and 260,077 in the U.S., according to the Washington, D.C.-based Solar Foundation. Solar industry employment has nearly tripled since the first National Solar Jobs Census was released in 2010.The impact on consumers buying washing machines could be short-term, and buyers may just get used to it.”It’s like any other product, if they want an LG machine, they’ll pay for it,” said Jon Abt, co-president of Abt Electronics, who said he expects consumers will see prices increase by about $50.Once Samsung’s $380 million manufacturing facility in Newberry, S.C., and LG’s $250 million plant in Clarksville, Tenn., are up and running, the impact will be lessened, Abt said. Samsung has said it has already hired 600 workers to staff the new facility.Chris Rogers, an analyst at New York-based research firm Panjiva agreed. Rogers’ analysis shows that Samsung, LG and other foreign producers have been aggressively importing washers in the past year, so it might be a while before consumers see prices go up because of stock on hand. “LG and Samsung have a cushion on the cheaper washing machines they can sell for the next few months,” he said.There’s no certainty that many jobs will be added if manufacturers turn to the U.S. to produce washing machines and solar cells, Panjiva’s Rogers said.After all, it’s not clear how foreign makers such as Samsung and LG will operate their U.S. plants, he said. They could make the parts in another country and then have them assembled here in the U.S. “If they mostly use oversees parts and assemble them using robots instead of people, the employment impact could be minimal,” he said. Explore further Solar industry on edge as Trump weighs tariffs on panels This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. ©2018 Chicago Tribune Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. At $1,899, one of the priciest washing machines for sale at Abt Electronics in Glenview, Ill., is Samsung’s two-washers-in-one-machine Steel FlexWash. As a result of new tariffs approved by President Donald Trump on Tuesday, that price tag is about to get steeper. read more

Selfdriving cars must reduce traffic fatalities by at least 75 percent to

first_img Provided by Society for Risk Analysis Citation: Self-driving cars must reduce traffic fatalities by at least 75 percent to stay on the roads (2018, May 30) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-self-driving-cars-traffic-fatalities-percent.html Credit: CC0 Public Domain Phone-using drivers knowingly ignore the danger More information: Peng Liu et al, How Safe Is Safe Enough for Self-Driving Vehicles?, Risk Analysis (2018). DOI: 10.1111/risa.13116 The race is on for companies to present their driverless cars to the public, but recent collisions involving autonomous vehicles developed by Uber Technologies Inc. and Tesla Inc. have led consumers to questions whether these vehicles can alleviate traffic issues and increase safety. A new study published in Risk Analysis examined the question “How safe is safe enough for self-driving vehicles (SDVs)?”center_img Explore further To answer this question, researchers employed an expressed-preference approach—a method that has not previously been employed in this setting—to determine the socially acceptable risk of SDVs. The results showed that the public will not accept this new technology unless it is shown to be safer, approximately four to five times as safe as human-driven vehicles (HDVs). Despite the conveniences SDVs would bring to individuals, such as the ability to watch a movie, read a book, sleep or surf the internet, the public will be much less likely to accept, or even tolerate, SDVs if they have the same risk level as human driving. As suggested by previous studies, an individual increases his or her demand for safety when that safety is entrusted to an external factor, such as an automated vehicle.One of the major motivations behind the development of SDVs is to improve road safety. Human error is believed to cause 94 percent of all traffic crashes in the U.S., and 75 percent in the U.K. While SDVs have the potential to significantly reduce these types of crashes, they also introduce several new road risks, including accidents caused by cyber-attacks. Creating perfectly safe SDVs is both technologically and economically infeasible, but policies can require that the risk of having them on the road be as low as technically achievable.The study was conducted by Peng Liu and Run Yang, Tianjin University, and Zhigang Xu, of Chang’an University. The survey was distributed to a convenience sample of residents in Tianjin, China. Of the 499 respondents, half were randomly assigned to complete a version of the survey for HDVs, while the other half completed an SDV version. Risk frequencies were expressed as one fatality per a certain number of vehicle-kilometers traveled and as one fatality per a certain number of population, respectively. Respondents were asked to accept or reject each traffic risk scenario at one of four levels: never accept, hard to accept, easy to accept and fully accept.The results show that the respondents believe that SDVs should be four to five times as safe as HDVs. Current global traffic fatal risk is estimated at 17.4 per 100,000, which is 350 times greater than the frequency accepted by 50 percent of the respondents for SDVs. This implies that respondents expect SDVs to improve safety by two orders of magnitude against the current traffic risk.Based on the results, the researchers propose the following requirements for SDVs based on the tolerability of risk in industrial safety (a concept developed in the health and safety field) in which risks are distinguished by three criteria: unacceptable, tolerable and broadly acceptable. SDVs that are less safe than human drivers would be set as the unacceptable risk criterion. The tolerable risk is that SDVs be four to five times as safe, meaning they should be able to reduce 75-80 percent of current traffic fatalities. The broadly acceptable risk criterion for SDVs is set as two orders of magnitude lower than current global traffic risk, indicating a hundredfold improvement over current traffic risks, or the same order of magnitude experienced in public transportation modes, such as rail and commercial aviation.”Our results and method may help government authorities to establish clear safety requirements for regulating SDVs and also help SDV manufacturers find consumers’ expectations for SDVs that must be met,” states Liu, Ph.D., assistant professor of industrial engineering. Journal information: Risk Analysis This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Report Head of Verizons AOL Yahoo in talks to depart

first_img Soon you can watch the NFL free on your phone on Yahoo © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. In this Dec. 3, 2014, file photo AOL CEO Tim Armstrong is interviewed during “Opening Bell with Maria Bartiromo,” on the Fox Business Network, in New York. The Wall Street Journal is reporting that Armstrong is in talks with parent company Verizon to depart. Armstrong has been leading Verizon’s media and advertising business, called Oath which incorporates digital media properties AOL and Yahoo. (AP Photo/Richard Drew, File) Explore further The Wall Street Journal is reporting that Verizon’s media and advertising chief, Tim Armstrong, is in talks to leave.center_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Report: Head of Verizon’s AOL, Yahoo in talks to depart (2018, September 7) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-09-verizon-aol-yahoo-depart.html Armstrong came to Verizon as part of its purchase of AOL in 2015 and began overseeing Yahoo as well after Verizon bought it in 2017. He was tasked with growing Verizon’s ad business in a challenge to Facebook and Google, but that business has been struggling and remains one of Verizon’s less profitable divisions.Armstrong was one of Google’s early employees and was key to developing its digital ad business before moving to AOL in 2009.The Journal report cites unnamed people familiar with the talks. Verizon spokesman Bob Varettoni says Verizon doesn’t comment on rumors and speculation.Telecoms have been buying content makers to diversify as the wireless industry slows.last_img read more

Tree Man Gets Pioneering Surgery for Rare Skin Condition

first_img 10 Strangest Medical Cases of 2018 Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoNucificTop Dr. Reveals The 1 Nutrient Your Gut Must HaveNucificUndoBirch Gold GroupThis IRS Tax Law is Sweeping the U.S.Birch Gold GroupUndoArticles VallyDad Cuts Daughter’s Hair Off For Getting Birthday Highlights, Then Mom Does The UnthinkableArticles VallyUndo 27 Oddest Medical Case Reports A man in Gaza with an extremely rare skin condition dubbed “tree man syndrome” says his life has been changed by a pioneering surgical treatment, according to news reports. The man, 44-year-old Mahmoud Taluli, has undergone four surgeries in the last two years to remove extensive, wood-like lesions on his hands, according to NPR. Prior to the surgeries, Taluli hadn’t been able to use his hands for more than a decade. “After years of suffering and solitude, I can finally live a normal life,” Taluli told NPR. “I can play with my children. I can go to family events. I no longer need to cover my hands when I go out in public.”Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65907-tree-man-gaza-surgery.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  Taluli has a rare genetic condition called epidermodysplasia verruciformis, which makes him much more susceptible to skin infections caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), compared with the average person, according to a 2010 report of the condition published in the journal Disease Markers. People with this condition have immune system problems that prevent them from properly fighting off HPVs — a group of more than 150 related viruses. In healthy people, HPVs often don’t cause symptoms, but in people with epidermodysplasia verruciformis, the infections lead to the formation of wart-like skin lesions, which progress to malignant tumors in about 50% of patients, according to the 2010 report. There is no cure or standard treatment for the condition. Taluli’s treatment has involved doctors making deep incisions into the skin to remove thousands of lesions, NPR reported. This tissue removal often requires skin grafts from other parts of his body to help with healing. The treatment has allowed Taluli to use his hands again, but it is not a cure — new growths continue to show up, and Taluli will need a fifth operation this summer to remove these new lesions, as well as some scar tissue, NPR reported. Still, the treatment has been largely successful in improving Taluli’s hand function. “We didn’t know if there would be anything viable left of his hands, but thank God it’s working,” Dr. Michael Chernofsky, a hand and microvascular surgeon at Hadassah Medical Center in Jerusalem, who treated Taluli, told NPR. Ultimately, doctors hope to develop a treatment that can help Taluli’s immune system better fight HPV, NPR reported. Another man with epidermodysplasia verruciformis hasn’t fared as well. Last month, it was reported that Abul Bajandar of Bangladesh had asked doctors to amputate his hands due to pain from the condition, according to Fox News. Although Bajandar has had more than 20 surgeries to remove skin lesions, the growths appear to be coming back worse than before. Chernofsky told NPR that amputation is usually not a good idea, because the patient would likely still experience pain from severed nerves. 10 Medical Conditions That Sound Fake but Are Actually Reallast_img read more

PM has stolen peoples money Rahul

first_imgPublished on SHARE COMMENT The Hindu’s expose on Friday that the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) held parallel negotiations in the Rafale deal turned the tables against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as the Congress stepped up its agitations against the Centre. Addressing a public rally in Bhopal, Congress president Rahul Gandhi said the Prime Minister is silent on disrupting the negotiations held by the Indian Air Force and the defence apparatus with the French company. “The truth cannot be concealed forever,” he said. “The PM spoke for about two hours on Thursday, but not a single word on Rafale,” said Gandhi.Earlier, talking to reporters at a hurriedly convened press conference at the AICC headquarters, the Amethi MP said that The Hindu report has put it in black and white that the Prime Minister himself was carrying out a parallel negotiation with the French company.‘Open and shut case’He said it is absolutely clear that the PM has stolen ₹30,000 crore of people’s money, by-passed the process and given it to his friend Anil Ambani. “So, it is an open and shut case that the Defence Ministry itself is saying that the Prime Minister is conducting parallel negotiations,” he added.When asked about Modi’s allegation that the “corrupt” Congress is trying to accuse him of indulging in corruption, Gandhi said that the PM talks to himself. “One day he becomes the Chowkidar and one day becomes the Chor?” he added.He said that it is written clearly in the Defence Ministry note here that the Prime Minister of India is a thief. “Now, my friends in the Air Force, pilots, remember one thing — this ₹30,000 crore could have been used for your safety and could have been given to your families. This ₹30,000 crore could be given to your families in any case of casualty. This is your money; this is not the money of Anil Ambani,” he said.He said that the Congress will continue the fight on the issue. “We have brought the truth, we have taken it right to the point and we will take it further, we are not going to stop here,” he said.‘Ready for enquiry’When asked about the charges against his brother-in-law Robert Vadra and former finance minister P Chidambaram, Gandhi said that the Congress is ready to face any probe. “You do whatever enquiry about Chidambaram you want. You do any enquiry on anybody you want, anybody in the Congress party, no problem, but, please do an enquiry on Rafale. Please explain to us, why the Defence Ministry is saying that Prime Minister has carried out a parallel negotiation,” he added. February 08, 2019 Rahul Gandhi, Congress President. – Kamal Narang   –  BusinessLinecenter_img COMMENTS politics Questions Modi’s ‘silence’ on ‘disrupting’ Defence Ministry’s negotiations on Rafale SHARE SHARE EMAILlast_img read more

3 exCongress MLAs likely to be inducted in Goa cabinet

first_img Next Press Trust of India Panaji (Goa)July 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 12:17 IST Accompanied by Chief Minister Pramod Sawant, the breakaway group met BJP president Amit Shah and its working president J P Nadda in New Delhi. (Photo: ANI)Four Goa MLAs, including three Congress rebels who joined the ruling BJP a couple of days ago, would be inducted in the state cabinet on Saturday, sources said on Friday.Ten of the 15 Congress MLAs, led by Leader of Opposition Chandrakant Kavlekar, switched sides and joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Wednesday.Accompanied by Chief Minister Pramod Sawant, the breakaway group met BJP president Amit Shah and its working president J P Nadda in New Delhi on Thursday.All the MLAs returned to Goa on Friday.However, Sawant stayed back to attend a high-level meeting on the issue of mining in Goa, which has come to a standstill following a February 2018 Supreme Court order. The meeting will be held in the national capital on Friday evening.Shah, who is also the Union home minister, and Union Minister of Mines Pralhad Joshi will attend the meeting.A top BJP source said three of the 10 former Congress MLAs and Deputy Speaker of Legislative Assembly Michael Lobo would be sworn-in as ministers on Saturday.However, he did not disclose the names of the three former Congress MLAs who would get ministerial berths.When contacted, Lobo, a BJP MLA, confirmed that he and three other MLAs would join the Sawant-led cabinet.Lobo was instrumental in convincing the 10 Congress lawmakers to switch sides, giving the BJP an overwhelming majority in the 40-member state Assembly, the sources said.In order to accommodate the new MLAs in the cabinet, Sawant would be dropping four ministers, most of them from the BJP’s alliance partners, the sources said.Talking to PTI on Thursday, Sawant had said a decision on the fate of the coalition partners in the cabinet would be taken only after he returned to Goa.However, the sources said all the three ministers of the Goa Forward Party (GFP) — its president and Deputy Chief Minister Vijai Sardesai, Vinod Palyekar and Jayesh Salgaonkar — were expected to be dropped, along with Independent MLA and Revenue Minister Rohan Khaunte.The GFP, a regional party, has been with the BJP ever since the saffron outfit formed the government in the coastal state after the February, 2017 Assembly polls.Meanwhile, Kavlekar, who returned to the state from New Delhi, told reporters at the Goa airport that he took the decision to join the BJP as his Assembly constituency had remained underdeveloped all these years.”I was in the opposition for long which was affecting the development of my constituency. I have taken this step as the BJP is a party which has been pro-development and when I remain in power, it will help the people of my constituency,” he said.Besides Kavlekar, the other MLAs who switched sides are Atanasio Monserratte, Jeniffer Monserratte, Francis Silveira, Philip Nery Rodrigues, Cleaofacio Dias, Wilfred D’Sa, Nilkant Halarnkar, Isidor Fernandes and Antonio Fernandes.ALSO READ | BJP approached Goa MLAs, offered ministerial berths: A ChellakumarALSO WATCH | 10 Goa Congress MLAs decide to join BJP, meet SpeakerFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted bySnigdha Choudhury 3 ex-Congress MLAs likely to be inducted in Goa cabinetA top BJP source said three of the 10 former Congress MLAs and Deputy Speaker of Legislative Assembly Michael Lobo would be sworn-in as ministers on Saturday.advertisementlast_img read more